Euromaidan A-Z
Dictionary of the Revolution

Euromaidan A-Z

Maidan or Euromaidan or the Revolution of Dignity started in Kyiv on November 21, 2013 and later on resulted in massive peaceful protests across Ukraine.
Maidan is Kyiv's main square. As the revolution unfolded, protestors started holding non-stop demonstrations and therefore set up a tent-town. Below are some of the most famous notions of the Maidan tent town. Sit down and recall how it was together wtih us.
Locally grown grape is cheap and very juicy
A - B

language named after and spoken by Mykola Azarov who served as a Prime Minister (March 2010 to January 2014). Russian is his mother tongue while Ukrainian is the state language. Azarov had troubles speaking Ukrainian, so it was a funny language mix of Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian. The pseudo Ukrainian he spoke could barely be understood adequately, so it resulted in dozens of jokes.


group of Euromaidan protestors who used their cars to patrol the city and organized car processions to residences of Viktor Yanukovych and other officials.


empty cans from fuel and lubricants, equipped as "heaters". The protesters burnt wood inside to warm up as it was one of the cold winters and the temperature dropped below -20◦C most of the days.

Maidan territory was traversed with protective "ramparts". The perimeter of barricades changed during different periods of time. Barricades stretched from an intersection of Khreshchatyk street between Bohdana Khmelnytskoho streets to the European Square. They were made of anything available at hand: snow, sand bags, doors and bench boards and metal rods. Protesters were keeping watch and order at the barricades.

B - D
Photo: Novaya Gazeta/Новая Газета


English - 'golden eagle'
Special police force officially responsible for security of the general public. Although de facto it threatened, attacked, tortured and shot at Ukrainian protesters during Euromaidan. Later this unit was disbanded.
Photo: Radio Liberty/Радіо Свобода


A package of laws adopted by the Parliament of Ukraine on January 16, 2014. The voting procedure was completely violated; the ruling Party of Regions voted for the laws after the party chairman had raised his hand, which meant "we will vote." These laws restricted the rights of citizens, provided authorities with more leeway in punishing protesters and aimed to criminalize the actions of opposition and civil society. This way the authorities reacted to the mass protests and car processions of Automaidan to the mansions of Ukrainian officials. Despite that the "laws of January 16" rather than intimidate people, caused a new wave of discontent and further inflamed the protest movement.


English - 'colander'

One of the newly introduced restrictive measures of "dictatorship laws" was the ban to wear hard hat in public spaces. Protestors used hard hats to protect themselves during clashes with fully equipped police. So once the ban was imposed, the protestors switched hard hats to colanders so as satirize the restriction.
Locally grown grape is cheap and very juicy
F - H


operated on the territory of the Maidan, the biggest ones worked in municipal buildings, which protesters seized: the House of Trade Unions, the Ukrainian House and Kyiv City Administration. Field kitchens also worked in the open air, for example, nearby the Independence Monument. The dishes ranged from sandwiches with cheese or sausage, to - soups. Hot tea and sandwiches were often carried around the Maidan.
ФОТО oleksandr.aronets/


One of the symbols of the Yanukovych regime. Unlike the "golden toilet" the golden loaf appeared to be a true artifact. It was found in the mansion of the former President, after he fled from the country and left most of his belongings behind.


Another symbol of Yanukovych's morbid thirst for luxury. He embezzled so much that even his toilet was golden, claimed Maidan participants. However, the legendary toilet was not found in Mezhyhirya residence after Yanukovych's escape.

A headache remedy
or the main type of helmet.

L - P


the one that fell. The country started dismantling symbols of the Soviet past, the process later named as "decommunization". First "victim" of decommunization was the toppled monument to Lenin in center of Kyiv. Later numerous Lenins started falling across Ukraine in both big and small cities.
Photo: Reuters


Or petrol bomb. Protesters used this explosive substance during clashes to stop the attacks of 'Berkut' police unit. Recipe of the cocktail: bottle, 02 L of flammable substance (petrol etc),01 L oil (optional), piece of cloth, 0,1L of alcohol. Instructions: put the flammable substance inside the bottle, soak the piece of cloth in alcohol, put part of it inside the glass bottle, lit up the part outside of the bottle. Voilà – Molotov cocktail ready, serve it while on a not-any-more-peaceful protest with extra passion.


Nickname for people who supported of regime of Viktor Yanukovych and the actions of the police special force "Berkut".

Since January 19, after the clashes on Hrushevskoho street paving blocks became a tool for self-defense and later also for attacks. At first, only the most determined protesters resorted to throwing paving blocks, while the orderly protesters denounced their actions. Only during the last three days, on February 18-20, almost everyone who was in the square began to collect and throw paving blocks to protect themselves as the people were shot at.


R - S
Photo: Radio Liberty/Радіо Свобода


is a social movement that appeared during the early Euromaidan. This movement emerged because there was a vision of Euromaidan goals that differed from the vision of opposition leaders. Right Sector united activists of Ukrainian radical organizations, mostly nationalist and far-right. Right Sector was founded on the basis of right-wing organizations "Tryzub" and "White Hammer."



or "Oksana" is the short name the protestors gave to the monument to Independence of Ukraine located on the main square.


English – 'hundred'
Form of self-organization at Maidan. The word originated from the name of the Cossack military unit. The first hundreds were formed for the purpose of self-defense. Several hundreds were formed on the territorial principle - uniting people from one region and were often called by a number. Others united people by occupation, for example, a medical or information hundred. Hundreds formed the general Maidan Self-Defense that patrolled the city to for security reasons.

English – 'tire'

Protesters used tires to build barricades, burned them in protest. Then "to burn tires" acquired figurative meaning "to protest".



Athletic young men who were paid for defending someone's interests, for participating in Anti-Maidan and political actions, for driving off and provoking the Maidan participants. They were also called "Knights for 200 UAH". These young men were often semi-criminal elements. The word originates from the last name of 'Vadym Titushko' who became "famous" after he attacked journalists Olha Snitsarchuk and Vladyslav Sodel in the summer of 2013. Some of the titushky were armed with bats, traumatic weapons and knives.


Engilsh – 'Jew-Bandera'
People with Jewish roots who supported the Euromaidan. Short comment: "Bandera" - a word that became popular due to Russian propaganda that glorified Stepan Bandera, a Ukrainian politician and nationalist in the beginning of 20th century. Fake news spread information that allegedly Maidan was mostly attended by people who were intolerant towards people of other nationalities. To highlight the absurdity the Ukrainians of Jewish origin mockingly called themselves 'Zhydobandera', where 'zhyd' – is derogatory word for 'Jew'. The Maidan protestors came from different backgrounds.
Locally grown grape is cheap and very juicy
Locally grown grape is cheap and very juicy
The revolution is not over and we continue our fight for a modern and decent European country.

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